Presentation of the 2016 Presidential Prizes in Science and Innovation for Young Scientists
Vladimir Putin presented Presidential prizes in Science and Innovation for Young Scientists in the Kremlin on Russian Science Day.
February 8, 2017
The Kremlin, Moscow
Presentation of the 2016 Presidential Prizes in Science and Innovation for Young Scientists.
The prizes were established in 2008 and are awarded for research results that contribute to advancing natural and technical sciences and the humanities and for creating new equipment and progressive technologies that will boost the knowledge-based development of the national economy, social sphere and defence capability.
The 2016 Presidential prizes have been awarded to researchers in physics, mathematics and medicine.
Dmitry Blau, Yelena Lushchevskaya and Stanislav Poslavsky from the National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute have been awarded the prize for research into quark-gluon plasma using mega-installations and for developing the foundations of a new, highly productive computer algebra system for performing calculations in high energy physics.
Alexander Gaifullin, senior researcher at the Russian Academy of Sciences’ Steklov Mathematical Institute, has been awarded the prize for resolving fundamental theoretical problems concerning the theory of flexible polyhedra, which lays the foundations for developing robotics.
Alexei Dmitriyev and Anna Kudryavtseva from the Russian Academy of Sciences’ Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology have been awarded the prize for decoding new mechanisms involved in the emergence and development of the specific metabolism of malignant epithelial tumours.
Ilya Romanchenko, PhD in physics and mathematics, junior researcher at the High Current Electronics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences’ Siberian Branch, has been awarded the prize for developing high-power radio pulse gyromagnetic generators that can be used to defend against terrorist threats and develop biomedical technologies.
Dmitry Blau, Yelena Lushchevskaya, and Stanislav Poslavsky – laureates of the 2016 Presidential Prize in Science and Innovation for Young Scientists
February 8, 2017
The prize is awarded for research on quark-gluon plasma using mega-installations, laying the foundation of a highly productive computer algebra system for performing calculations used in high-energy physics.
Dmitry Blau was born on July 27, 1984, in Moscow, has a PhD in physics and mathematics, and is a researcher at National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute.
Yelena Lushchevskaya was born on August 25, 1982, in Velikiye Luky, has a PhD in physics and mathematics, and is a senior researcher at the Alikhanov Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics at National Research Center Kurchatov Institute.
Stanislav Poslavsky was born on August 21, 1988, in Protvino, has a PhD in physics and mathematics, and is a researcher at the Logunov Institute of High-Energy Physics at National Research Center Kurchatov Institute.
The team studied fundamental phenomena in nuclear and high-energy physics: multiple creation of quarkoniums, charmoniums, bottomoniums and other particles in quark-gluon and quark-antiquark plasma, particularly at the Large Hadron Collider at the European Nuclear Research Centre (CERN).
The results of their studies are of fundamental importance for nuclear research (study of strong interactions taking place between particles at the atomic nucleus level) and astrophysics (study of substances in conditions similar to those immediately after the Big Bang and existing at the centre of neutron stars). Their work also has practical applications in the development of computational algorithms and methods of processing and storing large quantities of data. Their results are among the most important achievements in the fields of high-energy physics and physics of the atomic nucleus and elementary particles, and have led to the creation of a new and highly productive computer algebra system used for performing calculations in high-energy physics and field theory.
Alexander Gaifullin – laureate of the 2016 Presidential Prize in Science and Innovation for Young Scientists
February 8, 2017
The prize is awarded for solutions to fundamental problems in the theory of flexible polyhedra, laying the foundations for developing robotics.
Alexander Gaifullinwas born on March 22, 1984, in Zhukovsky, Moscow Region. He is a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, PhD in physics and mathematics, and leading researcher at the Russian Academy of Sciences Steklov Mathematical Institute.
Mr Gaifullin works in the field of theory of flexible polyhedra – polyhedra with ‘knuckle joints’ that make it possible for the faces to move. Mr Gaifullin’s contribution to developing the theory of flexible polyhedra can be said to have laid the basis for the theory’s multidimensional aspect. Only very few examples of four-dimensional flexible polyhedra were known before Mr Gaifullin’s work was made public, and there were no previous examples of flexible polyhedra of five dimensions or more.
Mr Gaifullin’s methods and results could be described as having created a new field in geometry and topology, which has significant influence on the development of related fields of mathematics and their applications.
The results of Mr Gaifullin’s work in this field are important for building robots and complex technological objects, for example, solar battery panels for satellites, which need to be stored compactly during launch, then unfold in outer space and take up a large area.
Mr Gaifullin has also resolved a number of complex problems in the field of algebraic topology, a field that lies between geometry and combinatorics.
Alexei Dmitriyev and Anna Kudryavtseva – laureates of the 2016 Presidential Prize in Innovation and Science for Young Scientists
February 8, 2017
The prize is awarded for decoding new mechanisms at the base of the emergence and development of the specific metabolism of malignant epithelial tumours.
Alexei Dmitriyev was born on November 18, 1985, in Moscow, has a PhD in biology, and is senior researcher at the Russian Academy of Sciences’ Engelgardt Institute of Molecular Biology.
Anna Kudryavtsevawas born on December 4, 1981, in Leningrad, has a PhD in biology, and is leading researcher at the Russian Academy of Sciences’ Engelgardt Institute of Molecular Biology.
Their work concentrates on identifying new onco-associated genes and establishing the mechanisms for disrupting their functioning in some of the most frequent types of malignant tumours, and also searching for common changes and individual peculiarities.
The researchers have identified more than 30 genes, for which they have for the first time shown involvement in one or several of the types of cancer studied (lung, breast, colon, prostate, cervical, kidney and ovarian cancer), and for 17 of these genes – involvement in oncogenesis in general. The data obtained made it possible to develop multifunctional sets of molecular markers for diagnosing and predicting the development of the types of cancer studied. These sets are currently being tested jointly with the country’s leading oncology centres.
The scholars have also identified the key mechanisms responsible for cells acquiring the particular metabolism typical of cancer cells, which has great importance for developing new anti-tumour medicines.
The results obtained by Alexei Dmitriyev and Anna Kudryavtsevamake a significant contribution to identifying the mechanisms of the emergence and development of malignant tumours and lay the foundation for the successful development of new methods for diagnosing and treating cancer in Russia.
Ilya Romanchenko – laureate of the 2016 Presidential Prize in Science and Innovation for Young Scientists
February 8, 2017
The prize is awarded for developing high power alternating current pulse gyromagnetic generators that can be used to defend against terrorist threats and develop biomedical technologies.
Ilya Romanchenko was born on April 22, 1983, in Tomsk, has a PhD in physics and mathematics, and is a junior researcher at the Russian Academy of Sciences Siberian Division’s Institute of High Current Electronics.
Mr Romanchenko studied the direct transformation of high-voltage nanosecond impulses into decimetre range wavelength alternating current pulses in non-linear saturated ferrite transmission lines, and used this effect to develop models of gigawatt-power alternating current pulse generators.
This type of alternating current pulse source has great potential in strengthening Russia’s national defence capability, specifically, the possibility of disrupting homemade explosive devices, mobile phones and drones, stopping cars, and in radioelectronic warfare.
Mr Romanchenko also developed and built a model alternating current pulse source for studying the impact on biological objects with the aim of establishing conditions for noncontact electro-chemotherapy (cancer treatment) using nanosecond alternating current pulses.
Mr Romanchenko’s findings make a significant contribution to developing methods for generating powerful radio frequency and microwave radiation.